In July 2017, FIDH and its member organisations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) conducted a fact-finding mission in Angola to gather testimonies from Congolese refugees who had fled the slaughter perpetrated in the Kamonia territory in the Kasai province. The harrowing testimonies published today reveal the scale and seriousness of the crimes committed against the civilian population by the Congolese defence and security forces and their auxiliaries, the militia known as Bana Mura. Their level of organisation and planning reveals a deliberate strategy of terror and destruction, which led to crimes against humanity. The violence was unleashed in response to an uprising of a local militia, Kamuina Nsapu, which had itself perpetrated serious abuses. With the elections repeatedly being postponed in the DRC, the atrocities committed in Kasai are part of a recurring scheme of Joseph Kabila’s regime to mobilise tension and violence in order to retain power through chaos and diversion.